Devastating Summer Causes 50-70% Crop Decline, Plunging Goa's Mango Growers into Losses

Goa's mango growers face a 50-70% crop decline due to scorching summer, resulting in profit and expenditure losses.


Mango cultivators in Goa are facing a significant 50-70% reduction in crop yield, primarily attributable to adverse weather conditions. They lament the repercussions of this situation, as it has resulted in not only the loss of profits but also an inability to recoup their expenses incurred during the mango cultivation season.

The harvest output suffered from insufficient pre-monsoon precipitation, delayed flowering, pest infestations, and various other factors.

"During the time of pollination, the weather was too hot. This affected flowering. The overall production at my farm alone was 75% less than usual and we hardly sold any mangoes as a result," said farmer Nestor Rangel.

Preserving mango quality amid fruit fly threat

Furthermore, the mango crop is facing the menace of fruit fly attacks, posing a serious risk of spoilage. As a precautionary measure, Rangel is diligently subjecting the prized King of Fruits to an extensive process to safeguard them against potential infestation by fly larvae or maggots.

In order to eradicate the fruit flies that lay their eggs inside the mangoes, he immerses the fruits in water heated to 50 degrees Celsius for a duration of 30 to 45 minutes. Subsequently, the mangoes are soaked in an organic fungicide derived from castor oil for 15 minutes to mitigate the risk of fungal diseases. Following this treatment, the mangoes undergo a thorough drying process.

Another mango cultivator, Avinash Talkar, shared that despite adverse weather conditions and productivity challenges imposed by the pandemic in the past, he managed to yield a minimum of 10,000 mangoes from his farm.

However, this year he only harvested a total of 4,500 mangoes.

"We had a delayed fruiting season and an even delayed harvest season due to the weather conditions. Compared to previous years, the yield has come down by over 50%, resulting in very low profits," he said.

Crop devastation and financial struggles

Derick Afonso's farm has experienced a minimal 20% yield as a significant portion of his crops failed to blossom.

"The production is so low that I am not even able to recover the cost of expenditure on the crop, let alone pay the labour force for their efforts," he said.

Mango season unfolds with prices soaring

By February-March this year, the highly sought-after King of Fruits made its appearance in Goan markets, although in limited quantities. As a consequence, prices soared dramatically, with the Mancurad variant fetching as high as Rs 6,000 per dozen.

As the month of May unfolded, additional mango varieties like Mangilar, Alphonso, and Gotam began to grace the local markets. Now, in June, mango varieties from different states have commenced their gradual arrival in the retail market.