Some fascinating facts about Red Fort

Red Fort of Delhi is one such monument with historical, political relevance and truly a national symbol for India. We bring to you some interesting facts that you need to know about this national treasure.

  1. Red fort was originally white: The fort itself was believed to be white in colour. The Archaeological Survey of India found proofs in the form of lime plasters suggesting that the original white colour faded or was repainted as red by British. The outside wall was largely made of red sandstone which may have given it the name, ‘Red fort’.
  2. Qila-e-Mubarak was the real name: Red fort was initially called as Qila-e-Mubarak which translated to ‘the blessed fort’. When Shah Jahan, the then emperor decided to move the Mughal capital from Agra to Delhi, Red fort was built.
  3. Building this fort took ten years: Yes, the octagonal-shaped building took ten years of intense labour and architectural persistence to be erected. It is spread across 256 acres; the fort has many buildings: Shalimar Fort, Diwan-i-Khas, Diwan-i-Am, Rang Mahal, Moti Masjid to name some.
  4. Kohinoor Diamond was part of the throne: Shah Jahan’s throne had Kohinoor Diamond embedded in it. The throne was used in Diwan-i-Khas as the royal seat and was made of solid gold studded with other valuable stones as well. It was later stolen by Nadir Shah, a Persian King and passed to Queen Victoria of England!
  5. The fort has two entrances: Lahori Gate is the designated main entrance and is named as it faces Lahore city. Delhi Gate is the other gate, used for public entry. A third minor exit is a Water Gate. Originally situated on the banks of river Yamuna, this gate provided easy access to the river then.
  6. A World Heritage site: UNESCO in 2007 designated the Red Fort as a World Heritage Site for its historical and cultural significance. Since the first Independence Day of India, every year the Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag on Independence Day.
  7. The Emperor was tried in his own fort: The trial was conducted by British in Diwan-i-Khas which concluded in proving Bahadur Shah guilty and later exiled him to Rangoon now Myanmar. British also plundered and destroyed most of the Red fort.

A visit to this magnificent architectural wonder is a must. Plan a full day visit with a bucket full of food, and you can enjoy and wonder the marvels of Red Fort.

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