While hybrid technology is comparatively newer in the automotive world, it has evolved drastically into different types
In the automobile universe, the term ‘electric vehicle’ has become fairly prominent in the last few years. However, there’s another term that has become equally popular and i.e., hybrid. A few generations ago, the automobile world with the help of scientists and climate experts understood that traditional/conventional vehicles powered by gasoline have contributed to massive air pollution. To reduce the pollution, automobile pioneers gave birth to electric vehicles and hybrid technology. Although electric automobiles are yet to become accessible, hybrid technology has plastered a position in the hearts of the four-wheeler users.
For those unversed, hybrid technology or engine is an amalgamation of an internal combustion engine and an electric engine. A hybrid engine maximises the fuel efficiency of a vehicle by running two different energy sources. Not merely fuel efficiency, but by employing two engines, performance of a vehicle is augmented, and the emission generated by the vehicle is also diminished. Since the outset of the technology, hybrid systems have been twisted and today, the world has various hybrid motors.
In the following paragraphs, we have forged a brief about the different hybrid engines that one can acquire at present.
Full Hybrid- A full hybrid engine uses both the combustion engine and electric power plant to drive a vehicle. The hybrid engine uses both the power trains simultaneously, and at times, the hybrid engine uses only one power plant independently. Usually, full hybrid engines are built to bear small amounts of electric charges, and those charges are used when a combustion engine calls for extra power. Furthermore, a full hybrid engine can push the vehicle by running the electric engine for short distances.
Mild Hybrid- Mild hybrid engines can be called combustion engine helpers. Unlike a full hybrid, mild hybrid engines cannot drive or push a vehicle. Mild hybrid engines help vehicles when they require a little of extra power. When the car slows down or stands idle, the control unit shuts the combustion engine to avoid loss of fuel and pollution.
Plug-in Hybrid- PHEVs or Plug-in hybrid vehicles are equivalent to electric vehicles. These vehicles are equipped with a large battery and can drive a car to cover a certain distance using the electric motor and batteries. The only requirement for plug-in hybrid vehicles are chargers. In case, a driver exceeds the electric range; he or she can switch to the combustion engine.